Source Water Protection

The Source Water Protection program with PRWA helps communities to develop source water protection plans.  These plans guide water utilities through the process of identifying potential threats to public drinking water and water utility facilities and outline plans of action in advance of problems.  PRWA will work with any system interested in protecting their groundwater supply. There is no charge for the PRWA services provided.  Request information here.  Or let us know what you are already doing for Source Water Protection so we can better help you.  Download and complete our SWAP - Assist questionnaire, PDF or MS Word format.  Email the completed questionnaire to or fax to 814-353-9341.  Thank you! 

The PRWA Source Water Protection program is securely built upon the PaDEP Wellhead Protection Program, the USDA Source Water Protection Program, and the EPA Source Water Protection Program.  PRWA also sponsors a source water information website at


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The Wellhead Protection Program was put into effect by the 1986 Amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act. PRWA works with communities to protect the areas surrounding the community wells that supply water to the public drinking water system. Ground water/wellhead protection is the responsibility of all levels of government, but the foremost responsibility for this protection is at the local government level.

It has been proven that ground water is very difficult to clean up after contamination and in many cases is impossible to clean up. Protection of your groundwater source does not guarantee that your groundwater source will never be contaminated, but will definitely reduce the risk associated with contamination. Wellhead protection is less costly and takes less time than trying to clean up after contamination occurs.

PRWA will work with any system interested in protecting their groundwater supply. There is no charge for the PRWA services provided. The Groundwater Technician will need participation from water system personnel and community officials. Without participation a good wellhead protection plan will not be achieved. The first four steps of a groundwater/wellhead protection plan are not difficult and can be completed within a few months.

The system's responsibility to review and upgrade the plan as needed will be an ongoing process. We stress cooperation with industry, business and the agricultural community. If possible, we ask that they be approached to participate in the formulation of the plan.

In the following pages you will also find"Appendix A" from the PA Department of Environmental Protection. These pages outline the minimum elements for a PA DEP approvable Wellhead Protection Plan. The PRWA Technician will assist you in developing a Plan that follows these recommendations. Please, read these pages, as the committee is responsible for all recordkeeping.

 A summary of the program details and steps to implement a source water protection plan are found here.

The Source Water Protection program expands our technical assistance in source water protection to include developing protection plans for surface water systems. The goal of the program is to assist communities served by public water systems with highly or moderately susceptible drinking water sources to reduce or eliminate the potential risks to drinking water supplies through the development of Source Water Protection Plans and providing assistance to entities for the implementation of contaminant preventative measures.  PRWA Source Water Specialists are responsible for implementing source water protection measures in a minimum of 6 different source water protection areas annually.

PRWA with assistance from PaDEP has developed a template for source water protection plans for drinking water, whether ground or surface water sources. If completed properly, the template is designed to meet all the PA DEP guidelines for approval of a local source water protection plan. Anyone may use and modify this template free of charge, provided that proper credit is given to PRWA in the report and the paragraph entitled "Acknowledgments" remains in all copies, reports and plans. Links to our templates are found below.

Source Water Template in MSWord 95    
Source water Template in MSWord 2000 


Download a PDF file of a specification sheet for the Water Supply Sign. This is the state approved sign for posting around wellhead or watershed protection areas.

Download a PDF file of PA DOT contacts for approval of Water Supply Sign placement. PA DOT will also provide a list of approved sign makers.


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Don Muir, Robin Montgomery, and Danielle Roslevich are the PRWA Wellhead and Source Water Protection Specialists with the understanding and experience to help you with your questions.  They are eager to help you and your system.  For more information please contact Don, Robin, or Danielle below or request information here.


Robin Montgomery's picture
Sourcewater Protection Specialist
Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
814-353-9302 ext 206
814-404-1738, cell

Don Muir's picture
Sourcewater Protection Specialist
Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
814-353-9302 ext 208
814-360-4076, cell

Danielle Roslevich's picture
Sourcewater Protection Specialist
Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
814-353-9302 ext 213
814-574-4249, cell